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LEARNING ACTIVITIES FOCUSING ON HIGHER MORAL STANDARDS

The following may be useful to both individual leaders and to leader trainers to gain experience in integrating his or her personal moral values into workplace actions.

Activity 1: Locus of Moral Control

Instructions. Read the following two sets of statements and indicate whether on balance you agree with Choice A or Choice B.

Choice A

  1. Success is largely a matter of getting the right breaks.

  2. It is foolish to think that I can really change another person’s core values and attitudes.

  3. Getting promoted is a matter of being a little luckier than the next person.

  4. A lot of what happens to me is probably a matter of luck.

  5. Many times the reactions of my bosses seem haphazard to me.

  6. Marriage is largely a gamble.

  7. Sometimes I feel I have little to do with the evaluations I receive.

  8. I have little influence over the way other people behave.

  9. It is only wishful thinking to believe that one can readily influence what happens in our society at large.

  10. It is almost impossible to figure out how to please some people.

Choice B

  1. Promotions are earned through hard work and persistence.

  2. If you know how to deal with people, they are really quite easily led.

  3. People like me can change the course of world affairs if we make ourselves heard.

  4. Getting along with people is a skill that must be practiced.

  5. The success I have is the result of my own efforts; luck has little or nothing to do with it.

  6. I have noticed a direct connection between how hard I work and the rewards I get.

  7. The number of divorces indicates that more and more people are not trying to make their marriages work.

  8. When I am right, I can convince others.

  9. In our society, a person’s future earning power depends on his or her ability.

  10. I am the master of my fate.

Discussion Questions

  1. What do you suppose are the ethical standards of someone who selected Choice A? Choice B?

  2. If you were the leader of someone who is characterized by the statements in Choice A, (Choice B) how could you induce him or her to do what you wanted him or her to do? Be explicit.

  3. How would someone characterized by Choice A statements respond to a formally promulgated code of ethics? Choice B?

  4. Write a short essay describing what you suppose would be the ethical basis of a leader characterized by Choice A factors.

  5. Write another short essay describing what you suppose would be the ethical basis of a leader characterized by Choice B factors.


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