Pathological Tendencies of the Human Mind
We now can put explicitly into words an array of interrelated natural dispositions of the human mind that follow as consequences of the pathology of the natural mind. To significantly develop our thinking, we must overtly identify these tendencies as they operate in our lives, and we must correct them through critical-thinking processes. As you read them, ask yourself whether you recognize these as processes that take place regularly in your own mind (if you conclude, "not me!" think again):
the natural tendency to "forget" evidence and information that do not support our thinking and to "remember" evidence and information that do.
the natural tendency to think in an absolutist way within an overly narrow point of view.
the natural tendency to feel superior in the light of our confidence that we possess the truth when we do not.
the natural tendency to ignore flagrant inconsistencies—for example, between what we profess to believe and the actual beliefs our behavior implies, or between the standards to which we hold ourselves and those to which we expect others to adhere.
the natural tendency to ignore real and important complexities in the world in favor of simplistic notions when consideration of those complexities would require us to modify our beliefs or values.
the natural tendency not to notice facts and evidence that contradict our favored beliefs or values.
the natural tendency to overgeneralize immediate feelings and experiences, so that when one event in our life is highly favorable or unfavorable, all of life seems favorable or unfavorable to us.
the natural tendency to fail to notice thinking that has "absurd" consequences.