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Robert's Rules of Order

Table of Contents

Order of Precedence of Motions.

Table of Rules Relating to Motions.


Part I.- Rules of Order.

Article 1.- How Business is Conducted in Deliberative Assemblies.
1. Introduction of Business
2. What Precedes Debate
3. Obtaining the Floor
4. Motions and Resolutions
5. Seconding Motions
6. Stating the Question
7. Debate
8. Secondary Motions
9. Putting the Question and Announcing the Vote
10. Proper Motions to Use to Accomplish Certain Objects

Article 2.- General Classification of Motions.
11. Main or Principal Motions
12. Subsidiary Motions
13. Incidental Motions
14. Privileged Motions
15. Some Main and Unclassified Motions

Article 3.- Privileged Motions.
16. Fix the Time To Which The Assembly Shall Adjourn
17. Adjourn
18. Take a Recess
19. Questions of Privilege
20. General and Special Orders and a Call for the Orders of the Day

Article 4.- Incidental Motions.
21. Questions of Order and Appeal
22. Suspension of the Rules
23. Objection to the Consideration of a Question
24. Division of a Question, and Consideration by Paragraph or Seriatim
25. Division of the Assembly, and Motions Relating To Methods Of Voting, Or To Closing or Reopening the Polls
26. Motions Relating To Methods Of Making, Or To Closing Or To Reopening Nominations
27. Requests Growing Out Of Business Pending

Article 5.- Subsidiary Motions.
28. Lay on the Table
29. The Previous Question
30. Limit or Extend Limits of Debate
31. Postpone Definitely, or to a Certain Time
32. Commit or Refer, or Recommit
33. Amend
34. Postpone Indefinitely

Article 6.- Some Main and Unclassified Motions.
35. Take from the Table
36. Reconsider
37. Rescind
38. Renewal of a Motion
39. Ratify
40. Dilatory, Absurd, or Frivolous Motions
41. Call of the House

Article 7.- Debate.
42. Debate
43. Decorum in Debate
44. Closing and Preventing Debate
45. Principles of Debate and Undebatable Motions

Article 8.- Voting.
46. Voting
47. Votes That Are Null And Void Even If Unanimous
48. Motions Requiring More Than A Majority Vote

Article 9.- Committees and Boards.
49. Committees Classified
50. Boards of Managers, etc., and Executive Committees
51. Ex-Officio Members of Boards and Committees
52. Committees, Special and Standing
53. Reception of Reports
54. Adoption or Acceptance of Reports
55. Committee of the Whole
56. As if in Committee of the Whole
57. Informal Consideration

Article 10.- The Officers and the Minutes.
58. Chairman or President
59. Secretary or Clerk
60. The Minutes
61. Executive Secretary
62. Treasurer

Article 11-A.- The Order of a Business Meeting.
63. Session
64. Quorum
65. Order of Business
AG. Agendas.

Article 11-B.- Nominations and Elections.
66. Nominations and Elections

Article 11-C.- Types of Governing Documents.
67. Constitutions, Bylaws, Rules of Order, and Standing Rules
68. Amendments of Constitutions, Bylaws, and Rules of Order
BY. Bylaws Development

Part II.- Organization, Meetings, and Legal Rights of Assemblies.

Article 12.- Organization and Meetings.
69. An Occasional or Mass Meeting
70. A Permanent Organization.
71. Meeting of a Convention.
EM. Meetings Based In Electronic Media.
MM. Meeting Management.

Article 13.- Legal Rights of Assemblies and Trial of Their Members.
72. Right of an Assembly to Punish its Members
73. Right of an Assembly to Eject Any One from It's Place of Meeting
74. Rights of Religious Tribunals
75. Trial of Members of Organizations
Frequently Asked Questions.

Plan for Study of Parliamentary Law.


Note: This document is derived from the original 1915 version of Robert's Rules with modifications from the Constitution Society and other enhancements reflecting generally accepted parliamentary procedure derived from current real world practices.

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